The Top 10 Coal Producing Countries

The Top 10 Coal Producing Countries

Coal is the key to the worldwide structure of energy. It holds about 40% of the world’s electricity production, therefore it is a leading source of electricity. Soon it will replace oil and become the largest source of primary energy. Coal manage the global energy field due to its abundance, affordability and wide distribution across the world. Reserves of coal are estimated at 869 billion tons based on the current production rate. This means that coal should last about 115 years longer compared to the conventional reserves of oil and gas. Coal reserves are highly underrating as compared to conventional reserves of oil and gas.


Here are the few questions that comes in mind when talking about Coal Productions:

  • Which country is producing the most coal in the world?
  • Which countries have the most natural coal reservoirs?
  • What countries are exporting most coal?
  • what countries consume most coal in the world?

All above asked questions have answers in the below description of the Top 10 Coal Producing countries article.

The ten leading countries based on hard coal production

The chief coal producer is China, although the United States comes in the second number. Other major coal producers are India and Australia. Five countries, namely China, the United States, Russia, India and Japan assumed for over 75% of worldwide coal consumption. Coal is responsible for the largest improvements in energy requirement of all energy sources.

Approximately 90% of the total global coal is produced by ten countries in which China is leading. Below is the list of top 10 countries which are producing coal in abundant.

Also Read: Top 10 Coffee Producing Countries

10. Ukraine

In 2013, coal production in Ukraine was about 64.976 Million tons. Due to the ongoing conflict in the country, there has been a fall in coking coal production and in coal power generation. The fall in coal production was particularly in the affected eastern regions of the country. The Donetsk region has experienced a fall of nearly 30% in coal production. As a result in fall production of coal, Ukraine has started importing coal from South Africa and Russia for the purpose of power generation.

9. Colombia

Coal production in Colombia was around 85.5 million tons in 2013, which is an output of 4% drop off from its target of 89 Million tons. Coal exports were estimated at 94.3%. The country’s National Mining Agency reported an increase of 18% in mineral production.

8. Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan ranks in eighth number with a coal production of 116.6 million tons till December 2012., Kazakhstan came in 12th regarding coal consumption. Accounting for nearly 85% of the nation’s whole connected power capacity. The country has an estimated reserve of about 33.6 billion tons therefore holds the eighth largest coal reserve. Kazakhstan has over 400 coal mines.

7. South Africa

South Africa comes in seventh rank with about 260 million tons in global coal production. It is the sixth largest coal exporter, having traded about 74 million tons in 2012. South Africa mostly exports its coal to Europe, China, and India. It is estimated that more than 90% of electricity production in South Africa depends on coal. South Africa’s traditional coal reserves had about 30.15 billion tons in December 2012.

6. Russia

Russia comes in sixth respecting to worldwide coal production. It produced 354.8 million tons of coal in 2012, from which 80% was steam coal and the rest coking coal. Russia is also the fifth largest consumer of coal. It exported 134 million tons in 2012 and become the third largest coal exporter. With reserves of likely 157 billion tons, Russia is second in the world as relate coal reserves. It opened mining accounts for more than half of Russia’s coal production.

5. Indonesia

Indonesia is in  fifth number in coal production,  produced 386 million tons of coal. Indonesia and Australia have been parallel in coal production,  while in 2011 Indonesia overtook Australia in coal production. Coal is responsible for 44% of Indonesian electricity production. The country has about 5.5 billion tons of coal reserves based on 2012 statistics.

4. Australia

Coal production in Australia reached 413 million tons in 2013, which rank it at number four in the world. The country exports about 90% of its coal, coming in second after Indonesia, and in 2012 it exported 384 million tons. Australia maintains 76.4 billion tons in its reserves. The country has about 100 private coal miners carrying out open pit operations. This method of mining holds 74% of Australia’s total coal production.

3. India

Coal production of India was about 605 million tons, making it the third largest coal producer globally. India consumed 8% of the total world’s coal, that’s why it is the third largest consumer of the resource as well. It is also the third largest importer of coal with a total of 160 million tons in imports, tracking behind China and Japan. Around 68% of electricity generation in India depends on coal. The verified coal reserves in India are estimated at 60.6 billion tons till 2013, ranking again as number three globally.

2. The United States

The United States rank in second number in worldwide  coal production. It is generating 922 Million tons of coal in the 2012/2013 period. Presenting approximately 13% of global coal production. It is also the second biggest coal consumer. US coal consumption is estimated at 11% of the world’s total usage. Nearly 37% of the US nation’s electricity production depends on coal. The US also has the world’s largest coal reserves, approximately 237 billion tons.

1. China

Since past three decades China has been the biggest coal producer. China produced nearly 3.7 billion tons of coal in 2013, representing 47% of global total coal revenue. The country also consumes more than half of the world’s total coal consumption. China is the third worldwide as relates to coal reserves, with an estimate of 114.5 billion tons per December 2012 statistics. China uses half of its coal for power generation, which accounts for more than 80% of the country’s electricity production.


Coal is demanding in the world’s energy growth. The need for coal is regularly increasing. Larger percentages of electricity produced in the world are becoming relying on power plants that use the coal resource. Regardless of the enormous distribution of coal reserves worldwide, these amounts are proving to not be enough.  It is essential for governments to discover innovative technologies for improved mining and coal processing. It is predominant for policy makers to come up with long-lasting technological solutions that look into future. Hence investing in the coal sector on a path that would allow it to respond better to future global challenges.



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